In a previous post, I summarized the character encodings used by Windows console mode programs. This is a short post about a not-very-good mitigation technique for some of the resulting problems. In a future post, I’ll go over some better solutions. Sometimes on an internet forum, someone will complain about a third-party Windows console program…… Continue reading Win32 I/O character encoding part 2: chcp 65001
SHA-1 is a cryptographic hash function. You give it a computer file, and it produces a 160-bit hash that is completely determined by the input file, but not in any obvious way. In early 2017, a group of researchers, using advanced mathematics and 6500 CPU-years of computer searching, found the first ever SHA-1 collision: two…… Continue reading Examining the SHA-1 collision files
Planet FrictionlessIceball has a straight, narrow tunnel connecting two points on its surface. How long does it take to slide through the tunnel? Simplifying assumptions As with most story problems, we have to make some simplifying assumptions. But I think they’re fairly reasonable. We assume the faller starts out motionless, at one end of the…… Continue reading How long does it take to fall through a ball of ice?
The other day, a Twitter user (David Buchanan, @David3141593) posted a message that gained some attention. It has an attached JPEG file, with an image of William Shakespeare. If you save a copy of the JPEG file, and unzip it as if it were a ZIP file, it unzips into the complete works of Shakespeare.…… Continue reading About that JPEG/ZIP/Shakespeare hybrid file
In order to decode and display a JPEG image, you have to know what “color type” (or “color model”) it uses. There are several possibilities that your software probably ought to handle: Grayscale YCbCr (transformed from RGB) RGB YCCK (transformed from CMYK) CMYK Unfortunately, if you look at all the bits and bytes that make…… Continue reading How is a JPEG image’s color type determined?
As of this writing, the largest known prime number is 277232917-1. “Not large enough!”, I say. Let’s write a computer program that will print out a larger prime number. No, not a program that will take billions of years to run. It should take only a few minutes. There is a small catch. Hardly worth…… Continue reading Large prime numbers
This post is about programming a Windows Win32 application, mainly one that uses the console (command line). It summarizes the results of some tests I performed. Maybe you ported a Unix utility to Windows, but you find that it doesn’t work with filenames that contain Japanese characters. This information may help, though specific recommendations will…… Continue reading Summary of some Win32 I/O character encoding behavior