Contaminating space

In April, 2019, Israel's Beresheet spacecraft landed on crashed into the Moon. It later emerged that it was secretly carrying a supply of live tardigrades -- microscopic creatures known for their hardiness. Naturally, many observers, joking or not, brought up the idea of accidentally contaminating the Moon with destructive Earth life. I worry about a … Continue reading Contaminating space

Survey of ZIP APPNOTE documents

[2019-09-21: I've edited this document to include some new discoveries.] I already wrote an article about the version history of the PKZIP software, so now it's time for one about the version history of the ZIP format. That sounds like it should be easy, but… not so much. I think the format versions are more … Continue reading Survey of ZIP APPNOTE documents

Survey of PKZIP versions for MS-DOS

I wanted to know exactly what versions of the old PKZIP compression software were publicly released for MS-DOS, and some basic characteristics about them, particularly what compression methods they used when compressing files. Sure, Wikipedia has a list, but it wasn't quite what I wanted, and it omitted at least one version I was pretty … Continue reading Survey of PKZIP versions for MS-DOS

Will the real PKZ110.EXE please stand up?

I've been researching the version history of PKZIP, the once-popular compression software that gave us the still-popular ZIP file format. There are two important MS-DOS versions of it: v1.10, released in March 1990, which was the latest official version for more than 2.5 years, until v2.04c(?) was released in December 1992.v2.04g, released February 1993, which … Continue reading Will the real PKZ110.EXE please stand up?